Pro-Dopamine Regulator – (KB220) to Balance Brain Reward Circuitry in Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS)

Kenneth Blum, Marcelo Febo, Lyle Fried, David Baron, Eric R. Braverman, Kristina Dushaj, Mona Li, Zsolt Demetrovics and Rajendra D. Badgaiyan



We are faced with a worldwide opiate/opioid epidemic that is devastating. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), at least 127 people, young and old, are dying every day in America due to narcotic overdose. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved MedicationAssisted Treatments (MATs) for opiate/opioids as well as alcohol and nicotine. The mechanism of action of most MATS favors either blocking of dopaminergic function or a form of Opiate Substitution Therapy (OST). These treatment options are adequate for short-term treatment of the symptoms of addiction and harm reduction but fail long-term to deal with the cause or lead to recovery. There is a need to continue to seek better treatment options. This mini-review is the history of the development of one such treatment; a glutaminergic-dopaminergic optimization complex called KB220. Growing evidence indicates that brain reward circuitry controls drug addiction, in conjunction with “anti-reward systems” as the “anti-reward systems” can be affected by both glutaminergic and dopaminergic transmission. KB220 may likely alter the function of these regions and provide for the possible eventual balancing the brain reward system and the induction of “dopamine homeostasis.” Many of these concepts have been reported elsewhere and have become an integral part of the addiction science literature. However, the concise review may encourage readership to reconsider these facts and stimulate further research focused on the impact that the induction of “dopamine homeostasis” may have on recovery and relapse prevention.

Published on: April 28, 2017
doi: 10.17756/jrdsas.2017-034
Citation: Blum K, Febo M, Fried L, Baron D, Dushaj K, et al. 2017. Pro-Dopamine Regulator – (KB220) to Balance Brain Reward Circuitry in Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS). J Reward Defic Syndr Addict Sci 3(1): 3-13.