Undoubtedly substance-related disorder is a chronically relapsing problem worldwide, the question is; should anti-drug vaccines be embraced for treatment of this enormous problem?. The Federal Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States has approved a number of Medical Assisted Treatments (MAT) for alcohol, opiates and even Nicotine abuse, while, other abusable drugs like cocaine and cannabis have not been addressed . Estimates place lifetime risks of transitioning from drug use to dependence from 8.9% to 67.5% . Certainly there is strong evidence for inheritability of both substance and non-substance related seeking behaviors now under the Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS) rubric . In fact using Bayesian theorem modeling, carriers born with a variant in the dopamine D2 receptor gene have a 74% predictive value to abuse drugs, food, and other process addictions close to the above estimate. However, Kendler et al.  suggested it to be somewhat lower at 50%. According to Belcher et al.  it is noteworthy that a number of studies have shown that striatal D2 receptor availability inversely correlates with measures of impulsive response in both animals and addicted humans .
Citation: Blum K, Badgaiyan RD, Angres DH, Gold MS. 2015. Should We Embrace Vaccines for Treating Substance-Related Disorder, A Subset of Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS)? J Reward Defic Syndr Addict Sci 1(1): 3-5.