The endocannabinoid (eCB) system is involved in a wide range of behavioral disorders including alcoholism. Inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), the principal enzyme that degrades the eCB anandamide (AEA), which
enhances AEA levels in the brain, significantly increases ethanol consumption and preference. In the present study, we examined whether pharmacological inhibition of fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) 5 and 7, which blocks the
transport of AEA to FAAH, and increase AEA levels in vivo also alters ethanol consumption and preference. Using a limited access two-bottle choice paradigm, we evaluated ethanol consumption in both male and female C57Bl/6 mice.
Results showed a significant decrease in ethanol consumption in both males and females treated with SBFI26, an inhibitor of FABPs. Specifically, male and female mice treated with SBFI26 consumed 24% and 42% less compared to mice receiving no injections, respectively. Subsequently, corticosterone was examined to evaluate the effects FABP5/7 inhibition upon the stress response. We observed a significant elevation in corticosterone levels following restraint stress in SBFI26 treated females, with a weak effect seen in males as compared to vehicle. Based on our results, targeting of FABPs appears to play an important role in ethanol consumption that is differentially regulated in males and females, which is mediated by the stress response.
Citation: Figueiredo A, Hamilton J, Marion M, Blum K, Kaczocha M, et al. 2017. Pharmacological Inhibition of Brain Fatty Acid Binding Protein Reduces Ethanol Consumption in Mice. J Reward Defic Syndr Addict Sci 3(2): 21-27.